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Post-Election Mayoral Musings

Following are articles from the Richmond Globe and the Berkeley Daily Planet about Richmond’s mayoral race.


The Globe appears to blame Gary Bell for stealing African-American votes from Irma Anderson. Why isn’t anybody suggesting the opposite -- that the unpopular Anderson should have stepped aside for Bell? With the theory seemingly endorsed by the Globe that politics are predominantly racist in Richmond, Bell could have easily won with his and Irma’s votes, thus preserving the African-American mayorship that the Globe seems to prefer. The Globe noted, “…historians may place blame at Bell’s feet, labeling him as the politician responsible for the downfall of African American political prominence in the city of Richmond.” I submit that the blame lies, instead, squarely with Irma Anderson, whose lack of vision and leadership failed to inspire the electorate and brought out the worst in the City Council.  And with those who blindly supported Anderson and shoveled money without end at her while knowing full well her substantial and ultimately fatal flaws.


The second article, from the Berkeley Daily Planet, is the first I’ve seen that details the vast corporate and industrial resources, significant amounts of which were funneled through BAPAC, which is closely aligned with the Globe, invested in preserving Irma Anderson as mayor.


I have always hoped that we would reach a time in Richmond where race is not the prevailing criteria for local elections. When I first ran for City Council in 1993, racism was right out front. Mailers targeted to the African-American community, usually paid for by Firefighters Local 188 and masterminded by Darrell Reese, tried to convince voters that rich white folks in Point Richmond would make sure African-Americans stayed at the back of the bus. I’m not kidding! We’ve come a long way from there in some respects, but in others, we haven’t. It’s much more subtle now, and perhaps more pernicious.


I have always been skeptical that there are really any race-related agendas in Richmond. From what I can tell, everyone wants the same things: safe and attractive neighborhoods, high-quality schools, good streets and clean parks, customer-friendly and responsive city employees and thrifty and efficient government.


Do people really believe that candidates who match their skin color or have last names that sound similar can deliver these things better than someone who doesn’t? According to the Globe analysis, they do. Do voters place a higher priority on race and ethnicity than on results? I just don’t know.


During the 90s, African-American women were consistently the top vote getters in City Council races where there had to be a substantial crossover vote to make that possible (Anderson and Penn). After the millennium, women still ruled (Viramontes). The prevailing wisdom among election watchers was that in the new order, gender had become more important than race. Except that in the last two elections, white men were the top vote getters (Butt and Rogers). But whites are the smallest of three major minorities in Richmond. Go figure.


Regardless of race and ethnicity, women have consistently fared better than men in the mayor’s race (Corbin, Anderson and McLaughlin). Is there sexism out there?


In the Globe analysis, whites voted for McLaughlin and African-Americans voted for Bell or Anderson, thus splitting the African-American vote and leaving McLaughlin a (presumed) winner. Is it really that simple? If Bell had not been in the race, would Anderson have prevailed in a landslide? I’m not so sure. What about the Latino voters? Did they vote racially, or did they vote for the person they thought could be the best mayor?


I’ll end this where I started it. I know that there are a lot of racists in Richmond – of every racial, chromatic and ethnic persuasion. I just hope I live long enough to see all that go away and find people voting for the candidate they believe will deliver to them the best quality of life.


Gary Bell: the spoiler’s dilemma
“McLaughlin benefited from having two African American candidates in the race that split the black vote.” — Contra Costa Supervisor John Gioia

Editorial by The Globe Voice

All over the Bay Area people are buzzing with speculation about the outcome of the Richmond mayoral race. The main question: “Why didn’t somebody get Gary Bell, a black politician, to back off from running against the incumbent black mayor, Irma Anderson?”

Irma Anderson won the following neighborhoods: Iron Triangle, Santa Fe, Coronado, Cortez, Easter Hill, Pullman, Park Plaza, Laurel Park, SW Annex and Panhandle, Marina Bay, Hilltop/Fairmede

Gayle McLaughlin won the following neighborhoods: Point Richmond, North and East, East Richmond, Richmond Annex, El Sobrante Valley

One precinct was tied between Bell and McLaughlin.

Keys to the split
Irma Anderson was second in predominately white neighborhoods (after Gayle McLaughlin).
Gary Bell was second in predominately African American neighborhoods (after Irma Anderson).

Precincts won
Irma Anderson 22, Gayle McLaughlin 13, Gary Bell 1
Bell did not win in his own neighborhood.
However, he succeeded in splitting the vote in African American neighborhoods. Analysis compiled from information at www.cocovote.com

    An early poll conducted by California research firm Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin and Associates pegged Anderson first, just 5 percentage points ahead of McLaughlin. Polls showed Bell a trailing third. Early analysts predicted that Bell would split the black vote, leaving an open footpath for McLaughlin to squeak in to win the race.
Bell ignored the reports from polls, and two weeks before Election Day sent a mass email touting himself as number one in the polls. The Globe attempted to contact the polling firm, LL Enterprises, LLC to validate the claim, but no one was available to speak with us. After going to the address listed on the website, it turned out to be an UPS store located at San Pablo Towne Center in San Pablo.
    Local political action committees and business organizations met with Bell hoping to persuade him to take another run for City Council, offering him their support. Oakland politicos recounted the failure of blacks in their city to back one candidate, and the price they paid as a result of vote splitting.
    Contra Costa County Supervisor John Gioia said to the press, “Early precinct results don’t show that McLaughlin got lots of support in black precincts. As insiders predicted before the election, McLaughlin benefited from having two African American candidates in the race that split the black vote. Areas that are predominantly white are where her base of support was the strongest.”
    Commenting on the claim by some that McLaughlin’s popularity was a reflection of a shift toward Green Party support, Gioia said that, “... McLaughlin benefited from widespread discontent with Mayor Irma Anderson, rather than her party affiliation.”
    If Anderson loses, historians may place blame at Bell’s feet, labeling him as the politician responsible for the downfall of African American political prominence in the city of Richmond. In the meantime, according to county representatives, the final vote count won’t be in until the end of the month.

Spoiler effect

Wikipedia describes the spoiler effect as “… a term to describe the effect a candidate can have on a close election, in which their candidacy results in the election being won by a candidate dissimilar to them, rather than a candidate similar to them.”
    Wikipedia offers the following example: “One often cited example of the spoiler effect at work was the 2000 U.S. Presidential election. In that election, George W. Bush and Al Gore had a very close election in many states, with neither candidate winning a majority of the votes. In Florida, the final certified vote totals show Bush won just 537 more votes than Gore, thus winning the state and the presidency.
    “Many Gore supporters hypothesized that most of the 97,421 votes that went to Ralph Nader in that state would have likely been votes for Gore had Nader not been in the election. They contend that Nader’s candidacy ‘spoiled’ the election for Gore by taking away enough votes from Gore in Florida and many other states to allow Bush to win.
    “Nader supporters say he had to run to protest Gore’s positions, and the punishment of defeat is a powerful weapon that democracy allows and encourages. Without Nader on the ballot angry anti-Gore voters might as well have voted for Bush to punish Gore.”

Green Candidate’s Lead for Richmond Mayor Grows

By Richard Brenneman (11-17-06)

While the voting tally isn’t final and her opponent won’t concede, Gayle McLaughlin is confident she’ll be the new mayor of Richmond.

And with the latest election results posted late Thursday afternoon, she has good reason to be confident.

While returns posted the day after the election gave McLaughlin a 189 vote lead with 6,243 votes to incumbent Irma Ander-son’s 6,051, Thursday’s returns increased her lead to 279 votes, or 7,080 to 6,801. Gary Bell remains in third place, with his total increased from 4,382 to 4,834.

Eight months of precinct walking, a small war chest and an enthusiastic crew of supporters helped the outspoken progressive and Green Party member score a significant upset over better-bankrolled opponents with strong name recognition.

While McLaughlin refused corporate contributions, Anderson and Bell didn’t—but their massive outpouring of cash wasn’t enough to stave off the upset.

While Anderson’s campaign and her industrial supporters spent about $200,000 and third place finisher Gary Bell, a former councilmember, spent about $80,000, McLaughlin spent less than $28,000.

It wasn’t the first time she’d won against the big bucks. Two years earlier she’d been elected as the City Council’s first Green.

While McLaughlin’s two largest donations this year of $2,500 each came from two divisions of the Service Employees International Union, ChevronTexaco—the city’s largest and most controversial employer—channelled $48,000 into support for Anderson and approximately the same sum bankrolling attacks against McLaughlin.

Major recipients of Chevron largesse were the Committee for Quality Government and the Committee to Oppose Measure T. Both groups gave to the Coalition to Save Jobs, a creature of the Chevron-backed Council of Industries.

The coalition spent $63,000 opposing McLaughlin.

The Committee for Quality Government also gave $33,000 to the Black American Political Action Committee (BAPAC), which in turn gave exactly the same amount to Anderson’s support. Pacific Gas & Electric gave BAPAC another $10,000.

PG&E also gave $4,000 directly to Anderson in three separate donations.

Another Anderson donor was sometime Chevron lobbyist and former San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown, who gave $2,500.

And that’s not counting the big bucks that poured into Anderson’s coffers from Democrats and developers—that new amalgam that played such a central role in Berkeley’s election.

The Richmond Chamber of Commerce’s political action committee RichPAC also weighed in on Anderson’s behalf.

Corporate concern

Why such big money to target one candidate?

Perhaps this statement holds the answer:

“One of the special things about the job is that it comes with the ability and the responsibility to set a tone for the city,” McLaughlin said. “I can set a tone for important issues where the needs of the people rather than the needs of corporations come first, and I can use the position to really hone in on the needs and interests of the people.”

And unlike Berkeley, where the mayor is merely first among equals and each councilmember appoints members to city commissions and committees, Richmond’s chief executive has the sole nomination power, though her choices must be ratified by the council.

“The progressive movement has had a real problem in the past because we have not been able to get people on the commissions,” she said.

And while Anderson wasn’t conceding in the days after the election, McLaughlin’s deep pocket foes were quick to adapt to the changed reality.

“I’ve already had calls from the Chamber of Commerce and the Council of Industries saying they want to work with me,” McLaughlin said.

Longtime activist

McLaughlin’s been a political activist since her teens. A Chicago native, she was one of five daughters born to a union carpenter and his wife.

In the 1980s, her progressive politics brought her into CISPES, the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador—an organization targeted by the Reagan Administration as subversive.

The future mayor-elect came west after finishing her psychology degree and doing graduate work. Settling initially in Vallejo, she moved to Richmond to be with her future husband.

“I decided teaching wasn’t really my niche, so I went back into politics—I go through periods of trying something else, then back to politics,” she said.

Peter Camejo’s run as the Green Party’s California gubernatorial candidate in 2002 provided the inspiration for her involvement in Richmond politics.

“I got involved with the Greens and I jumped into things with both feet,” she said. “I opposed the PATRIOT Act, and the more I learned about the community, the more I became concerned about Chevron’s lack of pollution controls and their responsibility to pay a fair share of taxes to the city,” she said.

She co-founded the Richmond Progressive Alliance (RPA), which is an umbrella organization to bring together Greens, progressive Democrats, libertarians, Peace and Freedom Party members and others who are concerned about Richmond community affairs.

“We came together in 2004 to say that we need to focus attention on local issues,” she said.

Two RPA stalwarts ran for city council that November, McLaughlin and Andres Soto. McLaughlin won.

RPA members took on a variety of local issues, including casinos and the proposed development of a housing project on a toxic waste site at Campus Bay.

McLaughlin worked closely with activists like Sherry Padgett and Claudia Carr of Bay Area Residents for Responsible Development, and she introduced a resolution as a newly elected councilmember urging the state Environmental Protection Agency to transfer site jurisdiction to the Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC).

Major goals

In a racially divided city with a troubled economy and serious crime problems, McLaughlin said her creation of a Richmond Youth Corps will offer jobs and education.

“My goal by the end of my term is to have 1,000 part-time jobs year-round,” she said. “It’s a real challenge and it will take a collective effort. We need to pull in people in the community who have an interest and then we have to explore funding.

“But to tackle the problem of violence, we really need to think outside the box. The goal is to have 10 hours of work a week plus five hours of education and training. It won’t work unless we can really engage the kids, and for that we need mentors.”

Another goal for her term is to continue her service on the Community Advisory Group (CAG) created by the DTSC to provide community input on the Campus Bay cleanup. In the time since the CAG was formed, the group has expanded its oversight to other sites in southern Richmond, including UC Berkeley’s Richmond Field Station—a move strongly resisted by UC Berkeley officials—along with Marina Bay and the Biorad plant.

“Renewable energy is another important goal,” she said.

McLaughlin already won City Council endorsement of Solar Richmond, a grass roots organization which hopes to generate five megawatts of power through rooftop solar panels on homes and business in the city by 2010 while also pushing for clean jobs.

While Measure T failed—a ballot measure she endorsed which would have raised business taxes 10 percent and included a new raw materials fee on manufacturing business—she said she remains committed to seeing that industries pay their fair share of taxes to the city.

Voters rejected the measure, which Chevron-funded hit pieces dubbed “Gayle’s Terrible T,” by a margin of 10,794 to 7,921.

“While I didn’t propose the measure, I voted with five other members of the council to support it, and a few years back that wouldn’t have been expected,” she said.

“I also want to partner with the city manager and the police chief, who is steering the city toward a less confrontational form of law enforcement,” she said.

“I want to protect our hills and shoreline, and I will continue to oppose casinos because we don’t need the added crime and addiction they bring. They’re not healthy for our community, and they’re not long-term solutions to our needs,” she said.

It’s an ambitious agenda, but it also comes from a skilled activist who’s proved that she can overcome well-financed opposition.